The Struggle to Build a Better American Penal System
1. Auflage 2015,
263 Seiten, Gebunden, Format (B × H): 164 mm x 296 mm, Gewicht: 538 g
Verlag: Taylor & Francis Inc
Percival Smart on CrimeThe most punitive era in American history reached its apex in the 1990s, but the trend has reversed in recent years. Smart on Crime: The Struggle to Build a Better American Penal System examines the factors causing this dramatic turnaround. It relates and echoes the increasing need and desire on the part of actors in the American government system to construct a penal system that is more rational and humane.
Author Garrick L. Percival points out that the prison boom did not naturally emerge as a governmental response to increasing crime rates. Instead, political forces actively built and shaped the growth of a more aggressive and populated penal system. He is optimistic that the shifting political forces surrounding crime and punishment can now reform the system, explaining how current political actors can craft more constructive and just policies and programs. The book shows how rationality and humanitarianism lead to a penal system that imprisons fewer people, does less harm to the lives of individual offenders and those close to them, and is less expensive to maintain.
The book presents empirical data to concretely demonstrate what is working and what is not in today’s penal system. It closely examines policies and practices in Texas, Ohio, and California as comparative illustrations on what progress has been made or needs to be made in penal systems across the United States. The book includes a comprehensive discussion of highlighted issues, and relates more than two dozen interviews with pivotal political actors who clarify why there is a major shift underway in the American penal system. Their insights reveal paths that can be taken to improve the current penal system.
Weitere Infos & Material
PrefaceAcknowledgmentsSmart on Crime PoliticsIntroductionCrime Politics in the American Political SystemCoalition Politics and Reform in the Criminal Justice SubsystemRise of the Smart on Crime CoalitionExplaining the Emergence of the Smart on Crime CoalitionPolicy LearningBringing Policy Back into the PictureWhen Is Reform Really Reform?Collapse of the Rehabilitative Model and Rise of the Tough on Crime CoalitionCalm before the StormThe Storm: The Rehabilitative Model Gets Blown AwayPoliticalization of Rehabilitation ResearchSagging Support for Rehabilitation on the LeftBuilding an Institutional LegacyTough on Crime CoalitionCrisis and Opportunity in the American Penal SystemTo the Victors Go the SpoilsProblems on the Ground: Consequences of the Tough on Crime RegimeThe Penal System and InequalityDiminishing Marginal Returns of Mass IncarcerationConditions Facilitating the Search for Alternatives and Policy LearningEconomic CrisisThe Contemporary Prison System Is a Different BeastExamining Changes in Public Attitudes on Crime and PunishmentFear of CrimeSaliency of CrimePrisoner Reentry and the Politics of the Second Chance ActPressure from the Bottom UpConceptualizing Prisoner ReentryOhio PlanDevelopments in Corrections Policy ResearchConservatives Begin the Push for Prisoner ReentryIntroduction of the SCAPrison Fellowship MinistriesFight to Protect Inmates’ Religious FreedomFraming the Meaning of the SCACorrectional AssociationsSecond Chance Advocacy in the SenatePolitical Progress in the HouseRoadblocks in the SenateClosing the DealFair Sentencing Act of 2010Policy ContextChallenging the Unique Dangers of Crack CocaineProposals for ChangeLegal Challenges to the Federal Sentencing ProcessNew Proposals for Crack Sentencing ReformMobilizing Support for Crack Sentencing ReformTexasIntroduction to the Problem EnvironmentBringing an Engineer’s Perspective to the Texas Penal SystemEmergence of New Organized GroupsJustice ReinvestmentBroad-Based Smart on Crime CoalitionTexas Penal System and the Shifting Dimensions of Political DebateAppendixOhioDiffusion of Smart on Crime Policy IdeasOhio Seeks Technical AssistancePolicy Learning among Conservatives in OhioCaliforniaShifting Political EnvironmentReturn of the Structural InjunctionPrison Realignment in CaliforniaEvaluating the Smart on Crime MovementDe-Incarceration and CrimeIs the Glass Half Full or Half Empty?ReferencesIndex